Avinash B. Nandlal is a paralegal assisting the New York City employment lawyers at Phillips & Associates. He majored in political science at the State University of New York at Albany, and is currently pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Legal Studies at the City University of New York College of Technology. He has previously served as a paralegal in Atlanta, a litigation paralegal at asbestos litigation firms in New York City, and a legal assistant for a solo labor and employment law practitioner based in the Bronx.
Mr. Nandlal has managed administrative and office duties at a personal injury law firm. He also worked for six years as a legal assistant for the solo labor and employment law practitioner in the Bronx. He has experience managing cases in federal and state courts, and he is committed to workers’ rights, including their right to be free from discrimination in the workplace.
There are several federal laws that prohibit employment discrimination based on protected characteristics, but they mostly apply to midsized or large employers. One of these, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibits workplace discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, and sex if an employer has at least 15 employees. It is illegal under this law to hire or fire you or otherwise discriminate against you regarding compensation and the terms or conditions of employment based on any of these protected characteristics. For example, it would be illegal for your boss to refuse to promote you because you are a woman. For another example, it would be illegal for a prospective employer not to hire you because you are black. There are also other laws protecting women employees against additional types of discrimination, such as the Equal Pay Act of 1963 or the Lilly Ledbetter Act of 2009.
The New York State Human Rights Law and the New York City Human Rights Law protect more characteristics than do federal laws. These laws make it illegal to discriminate against individuals in the hiring process, while working, or in connection with layoffs and terminations. These laws also prohibit harassment and retaliation. Under certain circumstances, you can sue not only your employer but also individual supervisors under the state and city anti-discrimination laws.